The anti-loud siren

2a

What happens if some one try to piss off people and make them scream, and you can’t calm down them?
What happens if you are in a crowded environment where people start talking when they shouldn’t?
Or what happens if you are one of those people who talk constantly loud out, but wants to improve they ability to talk “normal”?
Or if your boss always scream at you?
WHAT if there is a solution to this?

Ok, after this junk styled presentation, I want to show a little project born and made in a week-end. So very stupid, but also nice, imho. It’s based on make some loud when there is too noise around and I decided to build it ‘cause sometimes people talks loudly and they didn’t notice that. Presented as a little joke for them, here is shown the anti-figher siren.

CONCEPT AND SCHEMATICS

Here we are talking about a simple analog circuit which receive a signal from a microphone, bias and amplifying it, then put into a common emitter BJT which square it up to be read from a microcontroller – here an Atmega328 MCU, Arduino Duemilanove board.
I started by thinking about what is already available at home. And I realized that I can finally use that lonely LM358 (dual op-amp), then an BC337 was also available and a mic was re-born from.. I don’t remember, it was simply there, but with no mark helping to understand its capabilities.
That being said, after few suggestion of order of amplification of the preamplifier, I came up with a solution which magnifiying the signal up to 2550 times approximately, reduced accordingly by the potentiometer. This includes the second amplifier which amplifies of 12 times and drive the bjt, common emitter to work in saturation. The biasing of the final signal allow the BJT to act as a switch “normally closed”: in this way the signal which allow the MCU pin change is related to the “negative” wave of sound signal, and the digital value is not inverted.

Here the schematic, in Eagle:

mic

Now, since this project was started in Friday morning, and I was pretending to finishing it by the weekend, the fastest and rough thing to do was to use Arduino and sketching a program that uses interrupt on the pin from the microphone and “tone-out” an alarm of 1 second on a buzzer. Actually, the alarm sounds like a siren, and to be honest I find it as cool as stupid.

Here the sketch:

 // Definition of interrupt names
#include < avr/io.h >
// ISR interrupt service routine
#include < avr/interrupt.h >

static uint8_t buzz = 0;
uint16_t i = 0;

ISR(PCINT2_vect) {
  buzz = 1;
}


void setup() {

  pinMode(4, INPUT);
  pinMode(5, OUTPUT);
  EIMSK = 0;
  PCICR = 0b00000100;
  PCMSK2 = 0b00010000; // pin4 digital arduino

  sei();
}

void loop() {

  if (buzz){
    for (i = 2000; i<3000; i=i+10){
       tone(5, i);
       delay(2);
       }
    noTone(5);
    for (i = 3000; i>2000; i=i-10){
       tone(5, i);
       delay(2);
    }
    noTone(5);
    buzz=0;
  }
}

FINAL WORK

The breadboarded version looks like this:

 bread

But the final work, if we can call it this way, is made on a prototyping board and overlapped to Arduino. Then fixed with some tape, can be hooked to an arm, like we can do with our smartphones when jogging, or can simply be put smewehere on the desk. This ugly superimposition of boards (and also glued with tape, but not applied when taking these pics), shows my main skill hadicap: enclosures. 🙂

Ah, components are not too close to board to allow me to eventually reuse them in the future, inside a breadboard. I know, I could avoid it, but it’s a trick in case of more expensive components which are mounted on temporary circuits without any socket – this is not the case, though.

 1

DSCN3693[1]

The perfect final of every project – no matter what how stupid it is, is to build a final prototype all in a single board or in a system which is made for this purpose and nothing more (if it is not desired in the project, obviously). So, if an MCU is used, a proper smaller one should be used. Or in this case, one can have some more fun by building a detector and siren generation circuits without the use of a microcontroller, and put everything toghether, obtaining a nicer gadget… To keep people silent!

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